Breakdown in CO<sub>2</sub> and CO2/C2F4 Mixtures at Elevated Temperatures in the Range 1000-4000 K


  • M. Seeger ABB Switzerland Ltd., Corporate Research
  • T. Votteler ABB Switzerland Ltd., Corporate Research
  • S. Pancheshnyi ABB Switzerland Ltd., Business Unit Transformers
  • J. Carstensen ABB Switzerland Ltd., Corporate Reserach
  • A. Garyfallos ABB Switzerland Ltd., Corporate Research
  • M. Schwinne ABB Switzerland Ltd., Corporate Research



electric breakdown, CO2, C2F4, dielectric recovery


CO2 is a promising gas for replacement of SF6 in high voltage circuit breakers. The electric breakdown in CO2 and mixtures with C2F4 from PTFE nozzles is, however, still not fully understood. To understand the electric breakdown in CO2 and mixtures with C2F4 from PTFE nozzles fundamental parameters like the temperature and pressure dependence of critical electric fields are needed. Data on critical fields is usually available based on simulations only and experimental validation is lacking so far. Our present contribution aims to close this gap and presents experiments where the breakdown fields in uniform and weakly non-uniform electric fields are determined at various temperatures and pressures. The gas temperatures were estimated from measurements with pyrometers. The results are compared to theoretical predictions.


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