Hydrophobization of Track Membrane Surface by Magnetron Sputter Deposition of Ultra-high Molecular Weight Polyethylene
Keywords:track-etched membrane, magnetron sputter deposition of polymers, ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene, hydrophobization, bilayer composite membranes
AbstractMethod for the formation of polymer coatings on the poly(ethylene terephthalate) track-etched membrane surface by magnetron sputter deposition of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene in a vacuum is considered. The surface morphology and chemical structure of nanoscale coatings have been investigated. It is shown that the application of the ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene-like coatings leads to hydrophobization of the membrane surface, the degree of which depends on the coating thickness. Besides, the usage of this modification method leads to smoothing of structural inhomogeneity of the membrane surface, a decrease in pore diameter, and alteration of pore shape. The investigation of the chemical structure of deposited coatings by XPS method showed that they contain a significant concentration of oxygen-containing functional groups. The composite membranes of the developed sample can be used in the process of desalination of seawater by the method of membrane distillation.
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