COMPARISON OF S-CO2 POWER CYCLES FOR NUCLEAR ENERGY

Ladislav Vesely, Vaclav Dostal, Slavomir Entler

Abstract


The supercritical carbon dioxide (S-CO2) is a possible cooling system for the new generations of nuclear reactors and fusion reactors. The S-CO2 power cycles have several advantages over other possible coolants such as water and helium. The advantages are the compression work, which is lower than in the case of helium, near the critical point and the S-CO2 is more compact than water and helium. The disadvantage is so called Pinch point which occurs in the regenerative heat exchanger. The pinch point can be eliminated by an arrangement of the cycle or using a mixture of CO2. This paper describes the S-CO2 power cycles for nuclear fission and fusion reactors.

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ISSN 2336-5382 (Online)
Published by the Czech Technical University in Prague