A HEADRACE TUNNEL RECONSTRUCTION IN TURKEY
Keywords:tunnel, reconstruction, conventional excavation, sprayed concrete, TBM
AbstractThe operation of a hydro power project in North Turkey started in 2015, included the 12km long headrace tunnel. An 8km long lower tunnel section was excavated by double shield TBM technology with 8.7m ID. Due to problems with the mechanised excavation, a 4km long upper tunnel section was excavated conventionally by the Drill and Blast method with single shell lining generated from fibre reinforced sprayed concrete and rock bolts. Significant operational problems were observed in September 2016. The flooded tunnel was investigated by underwater Remotely Operated Vehicle which indicated significant collapses. Operation of the power station had to be stopped and water from a supply dam at the headrace tunnel inlet had to be discharged to enable dewatering and inspection of the tunnel. Consequent investigation revealed three major collapses and a considerable variety of other damages in the D&B section of the tunnel. Repair and strengthening of the tunnel was completed in October 2017.