DENSITOMETRY-BASED FEM SIMULATIONS OF NOVEL POROUS IMPLANTS AND CORRESPONDING STRESS DISTRIBUTION AT THE PERI-IMPLANT AREA
Keywords:Dental implant, FEM, mechanical finder, porous, stress shielding
AbstractThe presented work focuses on determining the stress distribution at the peri-implant area around dental implants. A numerical analysis simulating the conditions of chewing food has been performed on a FEM model. This model has been created using anonymized real patient CT data and a dental implant model developed at CTU. The CT data served as a 3D geometry and also as a way to construct the global matrix of stiffness of the bone material. Bone density was used as the defining parameter in determining the values of Young’s moduli of individual finite elements by the computational program (Mechanical Finder). The implant was introduced as a user-created STL file, which was imported to the computational software and situated inside the geometry of the human mandible. The results show that, as predicted, porous implants achieve higher values of minimum principal stress in the bone as opposed to homogeneous implants (13.4 MPa vs. 7.0 MPa), thus reducing stress shielding.