THECOMPARISON OF TWO DIFFERENT SPORTING EVENTS BASEDONTHETYPICALBEHAVIOROFTHEACTIVE SPECTATORS AND GRANDSTAND VIBRATIONS INDUCED BY THEM

Martin Verner

Abstract


The paper describes especially the typical behavior of two active spectators crowds involved in two substantially different sporting events, namely, ice hockey games and a biathlon world cup competition. In both cases, spectators behavior was observed together with grandstand structure dynamic response to their cheering activities. The experimental results obtained during both events were mutually compared and discussed whether the dynamic loading and its effects on the grandstand structures are similar for the two compared spectators crowds.

Keywords


Grandstands, behavior of fans, vibrations of grandstands

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ISSN 2336-5382 (Online)
Published by the Czech Technical University in Prague