HOT HARDNESS MEASUREMENTS ON MATERIALS UP TO 600 °C DURING THE FIRST HOUR OF USING
Keywords:Hot hardness, microindentation, stainless steel, temperature
AbstractIn the aeronautical field, materials are used in severe environmental conditions (temperature, atmosphere, exposure time ...), particularly for engine applications. In order to characterize the use of these materials in the evaluation of their properties, it is necessary to carry out tests in conditions close to their operating environment. Hot hardness is a simple method which can be applied on many different materials such as oxidized layers, coatings, composite materials, brazing cords, additive manufacturing materials. ONERA is developing micromechanical characterization means to carry out Vickers microhardness tests from room temperature up to 600 °C. In principle, a pyramidal punch is applied on the surface of a material and the applied load is continuously measured during indenter’s moving in the material. The material is tested locally under conditions close to the actual conditions of employment. The goal of this research is to improve microindentation in order to achieve temperature test campaigns up to 600 °C under a controlled atmosphere of argon and to validate a method to produce a series of results during the first hour of using up to 600 °C. Stainless material is studied to compare the evolution of its hot hardness properties versus different parameters such as load, holding time at the maximum load, atmosphere, and thermal duration. A discussion about these measurements and the technical limits of hot hardness technology is presented.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal the right of the first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., to post it to an institutional repository or to publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges as well as earlier and greater citation of the published work (See The Effect of Open Access).