Risk based maintenance for Swiss railway bridges: concept, implementation and first experiences

Authors

  • Dirk Proske Bern University of Applied Science, Wood and Civil Engineering, School of Architecture, Pestalozzistrasse 20, 3401 Burgdorf, Switzerland
  • Jean-Baptiste Payeur Bern University of Applied Science, Wood and Civil Engineering, School of Architecture, Pestalozzistrasse 20, 3401 Burgdorf, Switzerland
  • Blaise Girardin Swiss Railway SBB, Asset Management and Infrastructure, Hilfikerstrasse 3, 3000 Bern 65, Switzerland
  • Herbert Friedl Swiss Railway SBB, Asset Management and Infrastructure, Hilfikerstrasse 3, 3000 Bern 65, Switzerland

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14311/APP.2022.36.0167

Keywords:

bridges, collapse, condition class, damage, probability of failure, risk assessment

Abstract

The Swiss Federal Railway (SBB) has an inventory of approx. 6,000 bridges. So far, condition classes of the individual bridges have been used for maintenance management. To improve the efficiency of the maintenance management, a long-term change from the condition class-based approach to a risk-based approach is considered. Such a risk-based approach was developed and implemented during a two-stage process into software (Excel and Python). The software was also linked to the SBB databases to access the relevant data. The Python software now includes 12 parameters to adapt the initial failure probability to specific bridge conditions and 15 damage parameters. So almost 30 parameters are used to compute the risk for each bridge. The software is also linked to geographical maps to show the location of the bridges. Besides the development of the approach, also the first experience of the application of this methodology will be discussed. For example, the risk-based ranking of the bridges clearly showed that specific bridge types are dominating. Also, some original ideas and concepts were not applicable due to difficulties in providing the required input data. However, currently the risk-based bridge ranking complies well with former investigations carried out by hand.

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Published

2022-08-18