A Hybrid Model to Predict Localised Cracks of Reinforced Concrete Slabs in Fire
AbstractThis paper presents a robust hybrid finite element procedure for predicting the large individual cracks within reinforced concrete floor slabs at elevated temperatures. For modelling the cracks formations and propagations within the floor slabs, the smeared crack model is used for modelling early stages of crack evolution, and then the ‘delayed extended finite element method (D-XFEM) is proposed for capturing individual big cracks within the floor slabs. The new model has been validated against previous fire test results. A series of parametric studies has been conducted on a composite floor to understand the influences of different protection conditions of the support steel beams on both global responses and cracking patterns of the composite floor under fire conditions.
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