DETERMINING THE FIRE RATING OF CONCRETE STRUCTURES, Case study of using a probabilistic approach and travelling fires


  • Tad-Song Kho
  • Florian Block
  • Thomas G. Lowry



As part of a refurbishment the height of a building in London is to be increased resulting in a change of the fire rating of the existing level from R60 to R90 as per prescriptive guidance. To investigate whether the inherent fire resistance of the structure would be sufficient a state-of-the-art probabilistic approach was adopted, with the approach extended to consider 2D heat-transfer to concrete elements. After determining the required reliability of the structure based on an acceptable risk level, a Monte-Carlo assessment was conducted. This considered for the proposed internal layouts and determined the range of input parameters to be randomly varied in order to define the required range of design fires analysed. The assessment demonstrated that the inherent structural fire resistance would provide sufficient structural reliability for the new use of the building and that no additional fire protection was required to the concrete frame.