A PARAMETRIC STUDY ON BUCKLING OF R/C COLUMNS EXPOSED TO FIRE

Lijie Wang, Robby Caspeele, Luc Taerwe

Abstract


Buckling of concrete columns is a major issue in fire design, since heating of the columns will result in loss of stiffness and strength in the outer concrete layers. In the Dutch concrete code NEN 6720 (NEN, 1995), a quasi-linear theory of elasticity (KLE) method is provided for columns at ambient temperature. However, no literature is available showing whether this method could be adopted for elevated temperatures. Hence, an efficient calculation tool is needed to validate the applicability of this method in case of fire. As a first step, a cross-sectional calculation tool is introduced to calculate interaction curves of columns at ambient temperature. Further, the interaction diagrams obtained with this numerical method as well as the stiffness method provided in (Eurocode, 2004) and the KLE method are compared. Then, an assumed formula in the KLE-method for the nominal stiffness calculation is discussed considering interaction curves of columns in case of an ISO 834 fire. Finally, parameters like the fire duration and the slenderness ratio are investigated.

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