RESIDUAL STRENGTH OF STRUCTURAL STEELS: SN400, SM520 AND SM570

In-Rak Choi, Kyung-Soo Chung

Abstract


This paper presents post-fire mechanical properties of mild to high-strength steels commonly used in building structures in Korea. Steel is one of the main materials for building construction due to fast construction, light weight, and high seismic resistance. However, steel usually loses its strength and stiffness at elevated temperatures, especially over 600°C. But steel can regain some of its original mechanical properties after cooling down from the fire. Therefore, it is important to accurately evaluate the reliable performance of steel to reuse or repair the structures. For this reason, an experimental study was performed to examine the post-fire mechanical properties of steel plates SN400, SM520 and SM570 after cooling down from elevated temperatures up to 900°C. The post-fire stress-strain curves, elastic modulus, yield and ultimate strengths and residual factors were obtained and discussed.


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