CONTRIBUTION OF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY FOR UNDERSTANDING OF HUMAN BEHAVIOR DURING FIRE EMERGENCY
AbstractToday we have plenty of evidence about people’s reaction in the case of fire. Some reactions are peculiar for the fire emergency. However – in order to understand these reactions – it is important to know the basic principles of individual and group behavior. The main goal of this article is to present results of psychological investigations of basic instincts (anxiety, fear, panic) and results of investigations of group behavior (social facilitation, conformity, altruism, diffusion of responsibility, respect for authority, etc.) and to apply these results on investigation of human behavior during the fire emergency. In short, this article has aim to explain human behavior during the fire emergencies on the basis of main findings of social psychology. Furthermore, the article suggests possible activities – especially in the field of education and training – that may decrease human loses in fires.
Authors who publish with ASFE agree to the following terms:
1. Authors retain copyright and grant the ASFE right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).