VÝVOJOVÉ PORUCHY ZUBŮ A JEJICH DIAGNOSTIKA POMOCÍ RENTGENOVÝCH SNÍMKŮ
Keywords:malformation of tooth, X-ray examination, tooth development, DDE, AFM
AbstractIntroduction: The Development of detention begins in sixth week of intrauterine life with making the dentogingival lamina, that gives the origin to tooth germs. If the insult operates in these early stages of development, it can result in termination of the development of tooth, the disorder in later development manifests as a malformation of tooth - the anomaly of shape, size, defects of hard dental tissues, variations in eruption, etc. The development of tooth is related to the development of the whole organism, therefore the failure of the overall development interferes with the development of teeth. Except for systemic disorders, factors as trauma and inflammation may play a significant role. The differentiation between local and systemic causes of the anomaly can be very difficult. Methods: An indispensable component in diagnostic and as a tool for screening of disorders of impacted teeth is the radiographic examination. In dentistry we use intraoral RVG images, OPG panoramic image and for 3D imaging CBCT and CT. Results: Atomic force microscopy(AFM) was used to study the enamel surface of extracted teeth in order to compare the structure of malformed and healthy enamel. Conclusion: Developmental disorders of the teeth and dental hard tissues are relatively common clinical practice and their diagnostics and therapy is usually not an easy task. It is often found as an incidental finding on chest radiograph. Atomic force microscopy provides high-resolution images and is an important source of information about the structure of human enamel.
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