THE BIOMECHANICAL MOVEMENTS FOR THE DISABLED BASED ON ART THERAPY

Jana Mušinská, Ivana Židík, Jozef Živčák

Abstract


The purpose of the published work is to open up to new possibilities in the area of treatment processes within rehabilitation, physiotherapy and consequent movement re-education processes for people with disabilities, posttraumatic conditions, or degenerative disease. Art therapy presents a special kind of locomotive biomechanical algorithms focused on creative skills development, emotional development of physically or socially disturbed individuals. Art therapy is used for training and maintenance of motor and sensory functions, as a controlled and targeted activity during which the clients work with the artistic means of expression. The work proposes and describes a methodology, whose purpose is to follow and build on the classic rehabilitation of the physically disabled patient. To compare the effectiveness of the proposed methodology, the observations were made in two patient groups. The control group A and the experimental group B were included in the art therapy of the methodology of the ankle joint movement. After completing the art therapy, the experimental group B showed demonstrably better results in improving their plantar flexion by 8° on average compared to group A. The motivation and subsequent improvement of the patients’ agility is the best answer to questions of quality and contribution of using the Methodology of biomechanical movements using art therapy.

Keywords


art therapy; motor and sensory functions; biomechanical movements; artistic means of expression; biomechanical principles; methodology; biomechanics of joints and systems; rehabilitation; physiotherapy; physical disability

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN 0301-5491 (Print)
ISSN 2336-5552 (Online)
Published by the Czech Society for Biomedical Engineering and Medical Informatics and the Faculty of Biomedical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague.