XANTHENE DYES-MEDIATED IN VITRO PHOTODYNAMIC TREATMENT OF CANCER AND NON-CANCER CELL LINES
Rose bengal and erythrosin B are xanthene dyes mainly known and used as antimicrobial agents, but due to their photodynamic activity they are also potential photosensitizers for cancer photodynamic therapy. The aim of this work is to study a photodynamic efficacy of rose bengal and erythrosin B against human skin melanoma and mouse fibroblast cell lines, compare them with each other and find out their photodynamic properties induced by light emitting diodes with total light dose of 5 J/cm2. To fully identify and understand photodynamic properties of both potentially effective photosensitizers, a set of complex in vitro tests such as cell cytotoxic assay, measurement of reactive oxygen species production, mitochondrial membrane potential change assay, mode of cell death determination or comet assay were made. Although both photosensitizers proved to have similar properties such as increasing production of reactive oxygen species with the higher concentration, predominance of necrotic mode of death or genotoxicity, the more effective photosensitizer was rose bengal because its EC50 was over 20 times lower for both cell lines than in case of erythrosin B.
Copyright (c) 2021 Lukáš Malina, doc. Kateřina Bartoň Tománková, Ph.D., Barbora Hošíková, Ph.D., Jana Jiravová, Ph.D., Jakub Hošík, Jana Zapletalová, Ph.D., prof. RNDr. Hana Kolářová, CSc.
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