Behaviour of axially loaded structural bolting assemblies in fire

Lucy Johnson, Eric Palmiere, Richard Thackray, Ian Burgess, Buick Davison


Bolt assemblies used in structural connections may fail in tension via two modes: Necking, which is a ductile failure, and thread stripping, which is a brittle failure mechanism. During a fire, a ductile failure mode is preferable as it provides continued load transfer from beams to columns for the longest amount of time, allowing for building evacuation. Bolt assemblies have been tested under tension at a range of strain rates and temperatures to observe both failure modes. Tests showed that those bolts with a non-martensitic microstructure failed in a beneficial ductile manner, contrary to the current standards.

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