Issues of GIS data management


  • Tomáš Richta Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague



GIS, CAD, object-orientation, data modelling, data management, database


The paper deals with current issues of spatial data modelling and management used by spatial management applications. As a case study for explaining the problem, we use comparison of two main groups of software tools covering this area GIS and CAD systems - and the posibilities of their integration. Studying its functionality, we have found two main problematic issues. The first of them is the density distribution characteristics of stored data according to described area. CAD systems are oriented towards modeling individual man-made objects and structures with relatively high level of detail, so the data stored covers small areas with huge amount of information. On the other side GIS applications maintain large-scale models of real world with significantly lower amount of detail. Here the density distribution of data coverage is better balanced. So the combination of described different densities is the first problem. The second watched issue is the way of storing spatial data. While CAD data are usually stored in individual files (like DXF, IGES), GIS data tend to be stored in files or realtional databases. The question we see is, if it is possible to store CAD data along with GIS data in the same database in spite of different distribution densities and different data models. Our paper describes ways of solving this problem.


Zlatanova S.: Large-scale data integration An Introduction to the Challenges for CAD and GIS Integration, Directions magazine, July 10, 2004.

van Oosterom P.: Bridging the Worlds of CAD and GIS, Directions magazine, June 17, 2004.

Zlatanova S., Rahman A. A., Pilouk M.: Trends in 3D GIS Development, Journal of Geospatial Engineering, Vol. 4, No. 2, December 2002.

Bodum L., Sorensen E. M.: Centre for 3D GeoInformation Towards a New Concept for Handling Geoinformation, FIG Working Week 2003, Paris, April 2003.

Weinstein D.: Cross Platform CAD-GIS integration: Automating CAD Workflows and GIS Technologies to Support Structural Inspection and Decision Support Systems on Bostons Central Artery Project, GIS-T 2004, March 29, 2004.

Chance A., Newell R.G., Theriault D.G.: Smalworld GIS: An Object-Oriend GIS Issues and Solutions, 2000,

Egenhofer M. J.: Object-oriented modeling for GIS, Journal of the Urban and Regional Information Systems Association 4 (2): 3-19, 1992.

Kofler M.: R-trees for Visualizing and Organizing large 3D GIS Databases, TU Graz, Austria, 1998.


Garvey M., Jackson M., Roberts M.: An Object-Oriented GIS, Net.ObjectDays 2000.

Li J., Jing N., Sun M.: Spatial Database Techniques Oriented to Visualization in 3D GIS, Digital Earth, June 2001.

van Oosterom P., Stoter J., Quak W., Zlatanova S.: The Balance Between Geometry and Topology, Advances in Spatial Data Handling, 10th International Symposium on Spatial Data Handling, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 209-224 , April 2002.

Zlatanova S.: 3D GIS for urban development, TU Delft, 2000.

Zhou Q., Zhang W.: A Preliminary Review on 3-dimensional City Model, Asia GIS 2003 Conference, October 2003.

Coors V.: 3D GIS IN NETWORKING ENVIRONMENTS, Computer, Environments and Urban Systems 27/4, Special Issue 3D cadastre, Elsevier, 2003, ISSN 0198-9715, pp 345-357, April 2003.

Shi W., Yang B., Li Q.: An object-oriented data model for complex objects in threedimensional geographical information systems, Int. J. of Geographical information science, vol.17, no. 5, july-august 2003, 411-430.

Balovnev O., Breunig M., Cremers A. B., Shumilov S.: GEOTOOLKIT: OPENING THE ACCESS TO OBJECT-ORIENTED GEO-DATA STORES, Interoperating Geographic Information Systems, Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1999.

Breuning M., Cremers A. B., Seidemann R., Shumilov S., Siehl A.: Integration of GOCAD with an object-oriented geo-database system, Gocad Meeting, Nancy, France, June 1999.

Bodum L.: Design of a 3D virtual geographic interface for access to geoinformation in real time, CORP 2004 and Geomultimedia04, February 2004.