Exploitation of Countrywide Airborne Lidar Dataset for Documentation of Historical Human Activities in Countryside

Petr Dušánek

Abstract


During three years (2010 – 12) The Czech Office for Surveying, Mapping and Cadastre in cooperation with The Ministry of Defense of the Czech Republic and The Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic are providing mapping of the entire area of the Czech Republic by Airborne laser scanning (ALS) technology. The goal of this project is to derive a highly accurate Digital Terrain Model (DTM) for purposes of administration like detection of flooded areas, orthorectification of areal images etc. Such data set also seems to be an interesting da ta source for mapping of human activities in countryside. Human settlements, agriculture or mining activities left significant scars on natural landscape. These significant man-made structures are a part of so called cultural landscape. Man-made structures include ancient settlements, remains of medieval mining activities or remains of settlements abandoned during 20th century. This article generally presents how to derive information about the man-made structures from raw LiDAR. Examples of significant findings of man-made imprints in countryside are also presented. Goal of this article is not to describe a certain archeological site but to inform about strengths of ALS data to map human activities in countryside, mainly in forested areas.

Keywords


ALS, DTM, shaded relief

References


Hudak, A.T., Lefsky, M.A., Cohen, W.B., Berterretche, M.: Integration of LiDAR and Landsat ETM+ Data for Estimating and Mapping Forest Canopy Height, Remote Sensing of Environment, 82(2002)2-3, 397-416.

Huising, E.J., Gomes Pereiea, L.M. : Errors and Accuracy Estimates of Laser Data Acquired by Various Laser Scanning Systems for Topographic Applications, ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry & Remote Sensing, 53(1998)5, 245-261.

Kašpar, M., Pospíšil, J., Štroner, M., K emen, T., Tejkal, M.: Laserové skenovací systémy ve stavebnictní, Praha, Stavební fakulta ČVUT, 2003.

Wehr, A., Lohr, U. (1999): Airborne Laser Scanning – an Introduction and Overview, ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry & Remote Sensing, 54(1999)2-3, 68-82.

Wagner, W., Ullrich, A., Ducic, V., Melzer, T., Studnicka, N.: Gaussian Decomposition and Calibration of Novel Small-Footprint Full-Waveform Digitising Airborne Laser Scanner, ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry & Remote Sensing, 60(2006)2, 100-112.

Kager, H.: Discrepancies Between Overlapping Laser Scanner Strips – Simultaneous Fitting of Aerial Laser Scanner Strips, International Archives of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 35(2004)B1, 555-560.

Sithole, G., Vosselman, G.: Experimental Comparison of Filtering Algorithms for Bare-Earth Extraction from Airborne Laser Scanning Point Clouds, ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry & Remote Sensing, 59(2004), 85-101.

Kraus, K., Pfeifer, N.: Determination of terrain Models in Wooden Areas with Airborne Laser Scanner Data, ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry & Remote Sensing, 53(1998)4, 193-203.

Doneus, M., Briese, C.: Full-Waveform Airborne Laser Scanning as a Tool for Archaeological Reconnaissance, Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Remote Sensing in Archaeology, Rome, December 2006, 99-106.

Chytráček, M., Šmejda, M.: Opevněný areál na Vlada9i a jeho zázemí. K poznání sídelních struktur doby bronzové a železné na horním toku St9ely v západních Čechách. Archeologické rozhledy 57(2005), 3-56.

Pavelka,K., Svatušková,J., Bukovinský,M.: Using of VHR satellite data for potential digs localization and their verification using geophysical methods, “1st EARSeL International Workshop on “Advances in Remote Sensing for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Management”, Rome, 30.9. – 4.10.2008

Pavelka, K. - Pikhartová, L. - Faltýnová, M. - ezníček, J.: Combining of aerial laser scanning data, terrestrial mobile scanned data and digital orthophoto. Proceedings of 31st ACRS Conference [CD-ROM]. Hanoi: ACRS, 2010, vol. 1, p. 351-356. ISBN 3-11-017708-0

Faltýnová, M. - Pavelka, K.: Mobile laser scanning data combining with aerial laser scanning data and orthophoto. ELMF 2010 Conference Proceedings [CD-ROM]. Nailsworth: Intelligent Exhibitions Ltd, 2010, p. 385391. ISBN 978-0-625-84328-2

http://www.krupka-mesto.cz/, 2011-05-24

http://www.zanikleobce.cz/, 2011-05-24


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.