Automation of Taxiing
Keywords:Aircraft control, Automation, Safety, Taxiing, Taxiway
AbstractThe article focuses on the possibility of automation of taxiing, which is the part of a flight, which, under adverse weather conditions, greatly reduces the operational usability of an airport, and is the only part of a flight that has not been affected by automation, yet. Taxiing is currently handled manually by the pilot, who controls the airplane based on information from visual perception. The article primarily deals with possible ways of obtaining navigational information, and its automatic transfer to the controls. Analyzed wand assessed were currently available technologies such as computer vision, Light Detection and Ranging and Global Navigation Satellite System, which are useful for navigation and their general implementation into an airplane was designed. Obstacles to the implementation were identified, too. The result is a proposed combination of systems along with their installation into airplane’s systems so that it is possible to use the automated taxiing.
Marek Regula, Vladimir Socha, Patrik Kutilek, Lubos Socha, Karel Hana, Lenka Hanakova, and Stanislav Szabo. Study of heart rate as the main stress indicator in aircraft pilots. In Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Mechatronics - Mechatronika 2014, pages 1794–1799. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), dec 2014. doi: 10.1109/mechatronika.2014.7018334. URL https://doi.org/10.1109%2Fmechatronika.2014.7018334.
Ian Moir and Allan Seabridge. Aircraft systems: mechanical, electrical, and avionics subsystems integration. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ, 2011. ISBN 978-11199-652-06.
Richard Szeliski. Computer vision: algorithms and applications. Springer, London, UK, 2011. ISBN 978-1-84882-934-3.
Jakub Hospodka, Stanislav Szabo, and Martin Novák. Influence of autonomous vehicles on logistics. International
Review of Aerospace Engineering (IREASE), 8(5): 179, 2015. doi: 10.15866/irease.v8i5.8339. URL https://doi.org/10.15866%2Firease.v8i5.8339.
Eva Endrizalová, Vladimír Němec, Stanislav Szabo, and Soušek Radovan. Dynamic mathematical model of ground support equipment utilization in aircraft technical handling. In Proceedings of 20th International Conference Transport Means 2016, pages 759–762. Kauno technologijos universitetas (KTU), oct 2016.
Worrawut Pananurak, Somphong Thanok, and Manukid Parnichkun. Adaptive cruise control for an intelligent vehicle. In Proceedings of International Conference on Robotics and Biomimetics 2008. (ROBIO 2008), pages 1794–1799. IEEE, 2009.
Yongtao Yu, Jonathan Li, Haiyan Guan, Fukai Jia, and Cheng Wang. Learning hierarchical features for automated extraction of road markings from 3-d mobile LiDAR point clouds. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, 8(2):709–726, 2015. doi: 10.1109/jstars.2014.2347276. URL https://doi.org/10.1109%2Fjstars.2014.2347276.
Brad Davis, Casey Goodlett, and Pat Marion. Velodyne lidar and kitware, inc. announce the release of veloview 1.0!, 2013. URL https://blog.kitware.com/blog/files/174_1551943598.jpg. [Online].
Jakub Hospodka. Electric taxiing – taxibot system. Magazine of Aviation Development (MAD), 2(10):17–20, 2014.
Jakub Hospodka. Cost-benefit analysis of electric taxi systems for aircraft. Journal of Air Transport Management, 39:81–88, 2014. doi: 10.1016/j.jairtraman.2014.05.002. URL https://doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.jairtraman.2014.05.002.
Transportation Safety Board of Canada. Aviation investigation report A10Q0213, 2010. URL http://www.tsb.gc.ca/eng/rapports-reports/aviation/2010/a10q0213/a10q0213.asp. [Online].
Photobucket. A380 steering system, 2012. URL http://i15.photobucket.com/albums/a357/thezeke/A380%20systems/0168becd.png. [Online].
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work, with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.