SAFETY II and other recent trends in SMS

Libor Kurzweil, Václav Řehoř


The article deals with modern trends in safety management systems at airports. These include Safety II, Paperless SMS, transference of confidence and responsibility to operating employees, and creation of a system to ensure safety at the airport despite the potential for human error.


Enhanced operational safety; operational risks; Safety Management System; SMS; Safety II; Paperless SMS; Prague Airport


Leveson, N. Engineering a Safer World: Systems Thinking Applied to Safety. The MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass, 2012.

Hollnagel, E. Safety-II in Practice: Developing the Resilience Potentials. Taylor & Francis, 2017.

ICAO. Annex 19 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation: Safety Management. International Civil aviation Organization, 2016.

N. A Abdel Hady. Overview on draft 4th edition of safety management manual – smm doc 9859 (summary of changes). presentation on nclb – aerodrome certification workshop/training. 2017.

Regulation (eu) no 376/2014 of the european parliament and of the council on the reporting, analysis and followup of occurrences in civil aviation, amending regulation (eu) no 996/2010 of the european parliament and of the council and repealing directive 2003/42/ec of the european parliament and of the council and commission regulations (ec) no 1321/2007 and (ec) no 1330/ 2007., 2014.

Commission implementing regulation (eu) 2015/1018 laying down a list classifying occurrences in civil aviation to be mandatorily reported according to regulation (eu) no 376/2014 of the european parliament and of the council, 2015.

Prague Airport. Prague airport web page, 2018. URL

European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation. From safety-i to safety-ii: A white paper. 2013.


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