3DMADMAC|SPECTRAL: Hardware and Software Solution for Integrated Digitization of 3D Shape, Multispectral Color and BRDF for Cultural Heritage Documentation

Robert Sitnik, Grzegorz Mączkowski, Jakub Krzesłowski, Tomasz Gadziński


In this article a new 3D measurement system along with the study on 3D printing technology is presented from the perspective of quality of reproduction. In the first part of the paper the 3DMADMAC|SPECTRAL system which integrates 3D shape with additional color and angular reflectance measurement capabilities is presented (see Figure 1). The shape measurement system is based on structured light projection with the use of a DLP projector. The 3D shape measurement method is based on sinusoidal fringes and Gray codes projection. Color is being measured using multispectral images with a set of interference filters to separate spectral channels. Additionally the set up includes an array of compact light sources for measuring angular reflectance based on image analysis and 3D data processing. All three components of the integrated system use the same greyscale camera as a detector. The purpose of the system is to obtain complete information about shape, color and reflectance characteristic of mea sured surface, especially for cultural heritage objects - in order to create high quality 3D documentation. In the second part of the paper the 3D printing technology will be tested on real measured cultural heritage objects. Tests allow to assess measurement and color accuracy of reproduction by selected 3D printing technology and shed some light on how current 3D printing technology can be applied into cultural heritage.


3D shape measurement, structured light, multispectral imaging, BRDF, 3D printing


Simon C. Huxhagen U. Mansouri A. Heritage A.Boochs F.Marzani F.: Integration of high resolution spatial and spectral data acquisition systems to provide complementary datasets for cultural heritage applications, Proceedings of SPIE, 7531(1), 2010, 75310L.

Mansouri A.Lathuiliere A. Marzani F. Voisin Y. Gouton P.: Toward a 3D multispectral scanner: an application to multimedia, Proceedings of IEEE Multimedia, 14(1), 2007, 40-47.

Sitnik R. Kujawinska M. Woznicki J.: Digital fringe projection system for large-volume 360-deg shape measurement, Opt. Eng., 41, 2002, 443-449.

Osten W. Nadeborn P. Andrae P.: General hierarchical approach in absolute phase measurement, Proceedings of SPIE, 2860, 1996, 2-13.

Mączkowski G., Sitnik R., Krzesłowski J. Integrated Method for 3D Shape and Multispectral Color Measurement, J. Imaging Sci. Technol. 55(3), 2011, 030502-(10).

Phong B.T.: Illumination for computer generated pictures, Communications of the ACM, 18, 1975, 311-317

Krzesłowski J. Sitnik R. Maczkowski G.: Integrated three-dimensional shape and reflection properties measurement system, Appl. Opt., 50, 2011, 532-541.

Besl P. McKay N.:, A method for registration of 3-D shapes, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, 14, 1992, 239-256.

Sitnik R. Karaszewski M.: Optimized Point Cloud Triangulation for 3D Scanning Systems, Machine Graphics &

on 17, 2008, 349-371.

Wyszecki G. Stiles W. S.: Color Science: Concepts and Methods, Quantitative Data and Formule, New York, John Wiley&Sons, 2000.

Gibson I. Rosen D. Stucker B.: Additive manufacturing technologies. Rapid prototyping to direct digital manufacturing, New York, Springer, 2010.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.