Space Variant PSF – Deconvolution of Wide-Field Astronomical Images

M. Řeřábek

Abstract


The properties of UWFC (Ultra Wide-Field Camera) astronomical systems along with specific visual data in astronomical images contribute to a comprehensive evaluation of the acquired image data. These systems contain many different kinds of optical aberrations which have a negatively effect on image quality and imaging system transfer characteristics, and reduce the precision of astronomical measurement. It is very important to figure two main questions out. At first: In which astrometric depend on optical aberrations? And at second: How optical aberrations affect the transfer characteristics of the whole optical system. If we define the PSF (Point Spread Function) [2] of an optical system, we can use some suitable methods for restoring the original image. Optical aberration models for LSI/LSV (Linear Space Invariant/Variant) [2] systems are presented in this paper. These models are based on Seidel and Zernike approximating polynomials [1]. Optical aberration models serve as suitable tool for estimating and fitting the wavefront aberration of a real optical system. Real data from the BOOTES (Burst Observer and Optical Transient Exploring System) experiment is used for our simulations. Problems related to UWFC imaging systems, especially a restoration method in the presence of space variant PSF are described in this paper. A model of the space variant imaging system and partially of the space variant optical system has been implemented in MATLAB. The “brute force” method has been used for restoration of the testing images. The results of different deconvolution algorithms are demonstrated in this paper. This approach could help to improve the precision of astronomic measurements. 

Keywords


high order aberrations; PSF; UWFC; BOOTES; Zernike; Seidel; LSI; LSV; deconvolution; image processing

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ISSN 1210-2709 (Print)
ISSN 1805-2363 (Online)
Published by the Czech Technical University in Prague