Probabilistic Analysis of the Hard Rock Disintegration Process

K. Frydrýšek

Abstract


This paper focuses on a numerical analysis of the hard rock (ore) disintegration process. The bit moves and sinks into the hard rock (mechanical contact with friction between the ore and the cutting bit) and subsequently disintegrates it. The disintegration (i.e. the stress-strain relationship, contact forces, reaction forces and fracture of the ore) is solved via the FEM (MSC.Marc/Mentat software) and SBRA (Simulation-Based Reliability Assessment) method (Monte Carlo simulations, Anthill and Mathcad software). The ore is disintegrated by deactivating the finite elements which satisfy the fracture condition. The material of the ore (i.e. yield stress, fracture limit, Young’s modulus and Poisson’s ratio), is given by bounded histograms (i.e. stochastic inputs which better describe reality). The results (reaction forces in the cutting bit) are also of stochastic quantity and they are compared with experimental measurements. Application of the SBRA method in this area is a modern and innovative trend in mechanics. However, it takes a long time to solve this problem (due to material and structural nonlinearities, the large number of elements, many iteration steps and many Monte Carlo simulations). Parallel computers were therefore used to handle the large computational needs of this problem. 

Keywords


Hard rock (ore); cutting bit; disintegration process; FEM; probability; SBRA method; parallel computing

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ISSN 1210-2709 (Print)
ISSN 1805-2363 (Online)
Published by the Czech Technical University in Prague