Diamond Films for Implantable Electrodes

Petra Henychová, Klára Hiřmanová, Martin Vraný

Abstract


Diamond is a promising material for implantable electrodes due to its unique properties. The aim of this work is to investigate the growth of boron-doped nanocrystalline diamond (B-NCD) films by plasma-enhanced microwave chemical vapor deposition at various temperatures, and to propose optimal diamond growth conditions for implantable electrodes. We have investigated the temperature dependence (450 °C–820 °C) of boron incorporation, surface morphology and growth rate on a polished quartz plate. Surface morphology and thickness were examined by atomic force microscopy (AFM).The quality of the films in terms of diamond and non-diamond phase of carbon was investigated by Raman spectroscopy. AFM imaging showed that the size of the grains was determined mainly by the thickness of the films, and varied from an average size of 40 nm in the lowest temperature sample to an average size of 150 nm in the sample prepared at the highest temperature. The surface roughness of the measured samples varied between 10 (495 °C) and 25 nm (800 °C). The growth rate of the sample increased with temperature. We found that the level of boron doping was strongly dependent on temperature during deposition. An optimal B-NCD sample was prepared at 595 °C.

Keywords


Nanocrystalline diamond; implantable electrode.

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ISSN 1210-2709 (Print)
ISSN 1805-2363 (Online)
Published by the Czech Technical University in Prague