Actual Optical and Thermal Performance of Photovoltaic Modules

Hamdy K. Elminir, V. Benda, I. Kudláček

Abstract


Field testing is costly, time-consuming and depends heavily on prevailing weather conditions. Adequate security and weather protection must also be provided at the test site. Delays can be caused due to bad weather and system failures. To overcome these problems, a photovoltaic array simulation may be used. In any simulation scheme involving photovoltaic systems, one important choice is the selection of a mathematical model.In the literature several approaches to the problem have been made. Most procedures designed for this purpose are based on analytical descriptions of the physical mechanisms inside the solar cell that can be represented by a circuit diagram with discrete components, like a two-exponential model. Such simulators have some merits. However, their limited flexibility in readily simulating the influence of solar radiation, temperature and various array parameters is a serious drawback that has been noted. To get more accurate results in predicting the actual performance of photovoltaic modules, the parameters influencing incoming (optical parameters) and outgoing power flow (electrical and thermal parameters) were investigated by simulation and by some verifying experiments, to get a closer insight into the response behavior of this element, and to estimate the overall performance as well as optimization of the parameters.

Keywords


solar radiation; reflection losses; radiation shape factor; radiative surface area; temperature distribution; emissivity; isotropic model; Hay and Klucher's anisotropic models

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ISSN 1210-2709 (Print)
ISSN 1805-2363 (Online)
Published by the Czech Technical University in Prague