Certain Discrete Element Methods in Problems of Fracture Mechanics

P. P. Procházka, M. G. Kugblenu


In this paper two discrete element methods (DEM) are discussed. The free hexagon element method is considered a powerful discrete element method, which is broadly used in mechanics of granular media. It substitutes the methods for solving continuum problems. The great disadvantage of classical DEM, such as the particle flow code (material properties are characterized by spring stiffness), is that they have to be fed with material properties provided from laboratory tests (Young's modulus, Poisson's ratio, etc.). The problem consists in the fact that the material properties of continuum methods (FEM, BEM) are not mutually consistent with DEM. This is why we utilize the principal idea of DEM, but cover the continuum by hexagonal elastic, or elastic-plastic, elements. In order to complete the study, another one DEM is discussed. The second method starts with the classical particle flow code (PFC - which uses dynamic equilibrium), but applies static equilibrium. The second method is called the static particle flow code (SPFC). The numerical experience and comparison numerical with experimental results from scaled models are discussed in forthcoming paper by both authors.


Discrete element methods; free hexagon element method; statical particle flow code

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ISSN 1210-2709 (Print)
ISSN 1805-2363 (Online)
Published by the Czech Technical University in Prague