VERIFICATION OF BEHAVIOUR OF HUMAN ENAMEL FOR FRACTURE TOUGHNESS DETERMINATION

Petra Hájková, Aleš Jíra, Luboš Řehounek

Abstract


Enamel is the hardest biological tissue in the human body because of its structure
and composition. The structure of interlocking rods enables this biomaterial to resist the stresses of mastication. Unfortunately, enamel is prone to fracture initiation and growth. Determining fracture toughness of enamel is a difficult task. The lack of thickness makes it impossible to prepare samples which could be analyzed by usual methods. Other authors use Vickers indentation fracture test (VIF) to determine fracture toughness of enamel ordinarily. VIF is, however, not generally acceptable.
The aim of this study is verification of fracture behaviour of enamel using nanoindentation. In the study the impact of changes of hardness (HIT) and reduced modulus (Er) caused by crack initiation and growth on fracture toughness determination is observed. The next goal is evaluation of loading rate impact.


Keywords


human enamel, fracture behaviour, mechanical properties, loading rate, work of indentation

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ISSN 1210-2709 (Print)
ISSN 1805-2363 (Online)
Published by the Czech Technical University in Prague