COMPARISON OF ENERGY FLOW STREAM AND ISENTROPIC METHOD FOR STEAM TURBINE ENERGY ANALYSIS

Sebastijan Blažević, Vedran Mrzljak, Nikola Anđelić, Zlatan Car

Abstract


In this paper, a comparison of two different methods for a steam turbine energy analysis is presented. A high-pressure steam turbine from a supercritical thermal power plant (HPT) was analysed at three different turbine loads using the energy flow stream (EFS) method and isentropic (IS) method. The EFS method is based on steam turbine input and output energy flow streams and on the real steam turbine produced power. The method is highly dependable on the steam mass flow rate lost through the turbine gland seals. The IS method is based on a comparison of turbine steam expansion processes. Observed energy analysis methods cannot be directly compared because they are based on different sources of steam turbine energy losses, so, an overall steam turbine energy analysis is presented. Unlike most steam turbines from the literature, the analysed HPT did not have the highest overall energy efficiency at a full load due to exceeding the water/steam critical pressure at the turbine inlet during such operation.

Keywords


Steam turbine, Energy analysis, Energy flow method, Isentropic method.

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ISSN 1210-2709 (Print)
ISSN 1805-2363 (Online)
Published by the Czech Technical University in Prague