THE DEVELOPMENT OF A NEW ADSORPTION-DESORPTION DEVICE

Authors

  • Ľudmila Gabrišová Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Institute of Process Engineering, Námestie Slobody 17, 812 31 Bratislava, Slovakia
  • Peter Peciar Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Institute of Process Engineering, Námestie Slobody 17, 812 31 Bratislava, Slovakia
  • Oliver Macho Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Institute of Process Engineering, Námestie Slobody 17, 812 31 Bratislava, Slovakia
  • Martin Juriga Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Institute of Process Engineering, Námestie Slobody 17, 812 31 Bratislava, Slovakia
  • Paulína Galbavá Comenius University in Bratislava, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Institute of Chemistry, Mlynská dolina, Ilkovicova 6, 842 15 Bratislava, Slovakia
  • Žofia Nižnanská Comenius University in Bratislava, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Institute of Chemistry, Mlynská dolina, Ilkovicova 6, 842 15 Bratislava, Slovakia
  • Róbert Kubinec Comenius University in Bratislava, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Institute of Chemistry, Mlynská dolina, Ilkovicova 6, 842 15 Bratislava, Slovakia
  • Ivan Valent Comenius University in Bratislava, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Department of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, Mlynská dolina, Ilkovicova 6, 842 15 Bratislava, Slovakia
  • Marián Peciar Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Institute of Process Engineering, Námestie Slobody 17, 812 31 Bratislava, Slovakia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14311/AP.2020.60.0455

Keywords:

Adsorption, desorption, air stripping, activated carbon, ethanol

Abstract

The aim of this work was to construct a new adsorption-desorption device based on the principle of separation of volatile organic compounds, e.g., ethanol. As an adsorbent, it is possible to use granulated activated carbon (GAC) in the adsorption and desorption process. In this study, two kinds of GACs were used and marked as GAC1 and GAC2. A particle size distribution and water vapour sorption for the selected GACs were measured. An experiment with distilled water was performed as a preliminary study of the new device’s functionality. After the determination of the time necessary for the adsorption and desorption, the experiments were carried out with a model mixture (5% v/v ethanol-water mixture), which resulted in a product with the ethanol content of 39.6 %. The main advantage of this device would be the potential competition of conventional distillation.

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2020-12-31

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