• Serhii F. Pylypaka National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Heroiv Oborony Str. 15, 03041 Kyiv, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1496-4615
  • Mykola B. Klendii Separated Subdivision of National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine of Berezhany agrotechnical institute, Academichna Str. 20, 47501 Berezhany, Ternopil region, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8271-5381
  • Viktor I. Trokhaniak National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Heroiv Oborony Str. 15, 03041 Kyiv, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8084-1568
  • Tetiana A. Kresan National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Heroiv Oborony Str. 15, 03041 Kyiv, Ukraine
  • Iryna Y. Hryshchenko National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Heroiv Oborony Str. 15, 03041 Kyiv, Ukraine
  • Andrii S. Pastushenko Mykolayiv National Agrarian University, Heorhiia Honhadze Str. 9, 54020 Mykolayiv, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2540-3677




Surface tillage, helical surface, developable helicoid, approach angle, flight development, movement pattern


The design of a helical surface tillage tool made of a developable helicoid section has been calculated using the methods of analytical and differential geometry, the theory of surfaces, the systems of computer-generated graphics and mathematics. A helical tool in the form of a skeleton cylinder made of bars, where there is a helical surface made of arranged sheet metal, has been developed. Such a design prevents a helical surface from becoming clogged with soil. The suggested tool operates as a roller and the soil can easily pass through the gaps between the bars. New helical harrow tools have been designed and made for this experiment. An experimental harrow equipped with helical tools has been made and used to conduct a field research. The research was aimed at determining the optimal kinematic parameters and the pattern of field movement, which allow performing the technological process of soil tillage with the performance indices that meet the agricultural requirements.


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