APPLICATION OF RULED SURFACES IN FREEFORM AND GEAR METROLOGY
Keywords:Hyperbolic paraboloid, tangent surface of a helix, CAD model, freeform metrology, calibration standard
An application of two ruled surfaces (i.e., surfaces generated by a motion of a straight line), a surface of hyperbolic paraboloid and a tangent surface of a cylindrical helix in freeform and gear metrology is introduced in this paper. Both surfaces have been implemented as the main functional figures in several artefacts – metrological calibration standards intended for testing the freeform capabilities of various measuring technologies (e.g., tactile point-to-point measurement and tactile scanning on coordinate measuring machine, optical scanning, computer tomography). Geometrical and mathematical properties of the surface used are summarised, CAD models of all the developed standards are presented and photos of the manufactured standards are shown.
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