NATM TUNNELS – CONSIDERATION OF THE PARTLY DAMAGED PRIMARY LINING IMPACT FOR THE SECONDARY LINING EVALUATION
Keywords:NATM, primary lining, numerical calculations, durability, lifetime
AbstractTunnels excavated by the New Austrian Tunnelling Method (NATM) are traditionally supported by a double-shell lining. The primary lining is generated from reinforced sprayed concrete with rockbolts, the secondary lining is generated from in-situ cast concrete and it is protected by a waterproof membrane. The static evaluation of the long term behaviour generally assumes full degradation of the primary lining (the primary lining impact is not considered). Some investigations of tunnels constructed in past indicated that the primary lining degradation is slower than expected. This paper discusses possibilities of partly damaged primary lining consideration in static calculations of the secondary lining. Various options were verified by numerical modelling, and its results were compared and discussed.
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