Deformation Stress State of Elastic Bodies

J. Skokánek

Abstract


The theory of the deformation stress state is based on the actual corpuscular structure of matter characterized in terms of mechanics by the fact that an increase in the distance of two adjacent atoms is accompanied by the origin of an attractive force and a reduction in their distance by the origin of a repulsive force. These forces differ significantly from the classical internal forces, which are the forces of the mechanics of perfectly solid bodies. These express the equilibrium of forces with reference to the given area within the loaded body, and have no direct deformation effect. This paper defines the quantities of the deformation stress state – the deformation force and the deformation stress – the direct manifestation of which is a deformation. The author introduces the term of deformation stress state theory (DSS theory) to the field of the theory of elasticity dealing with the stress state of deformable bodies. The quantities and the equations of this theory also form the basis for the formulation of the theory of failure, which makes it possible to determine reliably the safety margin and the strength of a multiaxially loaded body from the stress state described by the static quantities (stress tensor) and uniaxial strength. 

Keywords


deformation force; deformation stress; effective stress; effective strength; proportionality principle

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ISSN 1210-2709 (Print)
ISSN 1805-2363 (Online)
Published by the Czech Technical University in Prague