AN ANALYSIS OF THE LIQUID FILMS BREAK-UP USING THE COMPUTER VISION TECHNIQUE
Keywords:Coarse droplet, liquid film, steam turbine
The aim of this paper is to introduce a novel approach for analysing the droplet formation in a transonic flow. The method suggested in this work is based on the combination of the measured data from the wind tunnel by an optical measurement and image processing. A new wind tunnel was developed for the study of the liquid film atomization at high speed flows similar to ones that can be found in steam turbines. The coarse droplets in steam turbines are formed from the liquid films on the blades and inner casings. The coarse droplets formed on the stator blades don´t follow the bulk flow and collide with the following moving blades. These collisions cause erosion and corrosion processes, which have an unfavourable effect on the reliability and the efficiency of the low pressure stages of steam turbines. The tunnel is equipped with a standard instrumentation for the measurement of the flow properties and for the analysis of the size distribution of the droplets. Two measurement methods were used for the measurement of the size of the droplets, photogrammetry and light scattering. In this paper, the image processing of the captured images is discussed. The images were taken by a camera with a telecentric lens. The paper contains an assessment of three image processing methods used for the measurement of the droplet distribution by the light extinction. Moreover, the formation of the droplets is captured on the trailing edge of the profile in the flow. The results bring a new view on the formation of droplets at high speeds.
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