GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY AS A TOOL TO REVEAL SUBSURFACE STRATIFICATION AT A SMALL AGRICULTURAL HEADWATER CATCHMENT: A CASE STUDY

Authors

  • Jakub Jeřábek Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Civil Engineering, The Department of Landscape Water Conservation, Prague, Thákurova 7/2077, 166 29, Praha 6 - Dejvice, Czech Republic https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0413-1537
  • David Zumr Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Civil Engineering, The Department of Landscape Water Conservation, Prague, Thákurova 7/2077, 166 29, Praha 6 - Dejvice, Czech Republic https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0330-7716

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14311/CEJ.2021.03.0059

Keywords:

Electrical resistivity tomography, Hydrology, Subsurface stratigraphy, Headwater catchment

Abstract

Catchment drainage area is a basic spatial unit in landscape hydrology within which the authorities estimate a water balance and manage water resources. The catchment drainage area is commonly delineated based on the surface topography, which is determined using a digital elevation model. Therefore, only a flow over the surface is implicitly considered. However, a substantial portion of the rainfall water infiltrates and percolates through the soil profile to the groundwater, where geological structures control the drainage area instead of the topography of the soil surface. The discrepancy between the surface topography-based and bedrock-based drainage area can cause large discrepancies in water balance calculation. It this paper we present an investigation of the subsurface media stratification in a headwater catchment in the central part of the Czech Republic using a geophysical survey method - electrical resistivity tomography (ERT). Results indicate that the complexity of the subsurface geological layers cannot be estimated solely from the land surface topography. Although shallow layers copy the shape of the surface, the deeper layers do not. This finding has a strong implication on the water transport regime since it suggests that the deep drainage may follow different pathways and flow in other directions then the water in shallow soil profile or shallow subsurface structures.

References

Beven, K. 2006. Searching for the Holy Grail of scientific hydrology: Qt=(S, R, Δt)A as closure. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences. Vol. 10, No. 5, p. 609–618. DOI 10.5194/hess-10-609-2006.

Schrott, L., Sass, O. 2008. Application of field geophysics in geomorphology: Advances and limitations exemplified by case studies. Geomorphology. Vol. 93, No. 1–2, p. 55–73.DOI 10.1016/j.geomorph.2006.12.024.

Samouëlian, A., Cousin, I., Tabbagh, A., Bruand, A., Samouëlian, A., Cousin, I., Tabbagh, A., Bruand, A., Electrical, G.R. 2006. Electrical resistivity survey in soil science : a review . To cite this version : HAL Id : hal-00023493. .

Colangelo, G., Lapenna, V., Loperte, A., Perrone, A., Telesca, L. 2008. 2D electrical resistivity tomographies for investigating recent activation landslides in Basilicata Region (Southern Italy). Annals of Geophysics. Vol. 51, No. 1, p. 275–285. DOI 10.4401/ag-3048. ze se pouziva na landslide

Abudeif, A.M. 2015. Integrated electrical tomography and hydro-chemical analysis for environmental assessment of El-Dair waste disposal site, west of Sohag city, Egypt. Environmental Earth Sciences. Vol. 74, No. 7, p. 5859–5874. DOI 10.1007/s12665-015-4610-5.

Wang, T.P., Chen, C.C., Tong, L.T., Chang, P.Y., Chen, Y.C., Dong, T.H., Liu, H.C., Lin, C.P., Yang, K.H., Ho, C.J., Cheng, S.N. 2015. Applying FDEM, ERT and GPR at a site with soil contamination: A case study. Journal of Applied Geophysics. Vol. 121, p. 21–30. DOI 10.1016/j.jappgeo.2015.07.005.

Audebert, M., Clément, R., Moreau, S., Duquennoi, C., Loisel, S., Touze-Foltz, N. 2016. Understanding leachate flow in municipal solid waste landfills by combining time-lapse ERT and subsurface flow modelling – Part I: Analysis of infiltration shape on two different waste deposit cells. Waste Management. Vol. 55, p. 165–175. DOI 10.1016/j.wasman.2016.04.006.

Sherif, M., Mahmoudi, A. El, Garamoon, H., Kacimov, A., Akram, S., Ebraheem, A., Shetty, A. 2006. Geoelectrical and hydrogeochemical studies for delineating seawater intrusion in the outlet of Wadi Ham, UAE. Environmental Geology. Vol. 49, No. 4, p. 536–551. DOI 10.1007/s00254-005-0081-4.

Satriani, A., Loperte, A., Imbrenda, V., Lapenna, V. 2012. Geoelectrical surveys for characterization of the coastal saltwater intrusion in metapontum forest reserve (Southern Italy). International Journal of Geophysics. Vol. 2012. DOI 10.1155/2012/238478.

Chambers, JE , Wilkinson, PB , Uhlemann, S , Sorensen, JPR , Roberts, C , Newell, AJ , Ward, WOC , Binley, Andrew , Williams, PJ , Gooddy, DC, O. 2014. Derivation of lowland riparian wetland deposit architecture using geophysical image analysis and interface detection. Water Resources Research. DOI 10.1111/j.1752-1688.1969.tb04897.x. ze se pomic ert pokouseli rozdelit jednotlive vrstby (ne jen bedrock a soil profile)

Jeřábek, J., Zumr, D., Dostál, T. 2017. Identifying the plough pan position on cultivated soils by measurements of electrical resistivity and penetration resistance. Soil and Tillage Research. Vol. 174, p. 231– 240. DOI 10.1016/j.still.2017.07.008.

Besson, A., Cousin, I., Samouëlian, A., Boizard, H., Richard, G. 2004. Structural heterogeneity of the soil tilled layer as characterized by 2D electrical resistivity surveying. Soil and Tillage Research. Vol. 79, No. 2 SPEC.ISS., p. 239–249. DOI 10.1016/j.still.2004.07.012.

Haskins, N. 2010. Book Review - A Field Guide to Geophysics in Archaeology. Archaeological Prospection. Vol. 62, No. December 2009, p. 61–62. DOI 10.1002/arp.

Zhou, W., Beck, B.F., Stephenson, J.B. 2000. Reliability of dipole-dipole electrical resistivity tomography for defining depth to bedrock in covered karst terranes. Environmental Geology. Vol. 39, No. 7, p. 760–766. DOI 10.1007/s002540050491.

Cheng, Q., Tao, M., Chen, X., Binley, A. 2019. Evaluation of electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) for mapping the soil–rock interface in karstic environments. Environmental Earth Sciences. Vol. 78, No. 15, p. 1–14. DOI 10.1007/s12665-019-8440-8.

Noreika, N., Li, T., Zumr, D., Krasa, J., Dostal, T., Srinivasan, R. 2020. Farm-scale biofuel crop adoption and its effects on in-basin water balance. Sustainability (Switzerland). Vol. 12, No. 24, p. 1–15. DOI 10.3390/su122410596.

Li, T., Jeřábek, J., Noreika, N., Dostál, T., Zumr, D. 2021. An overview of hydrometeorological datasets from a small agricultural catchment (Nučice) in the Czech Republic. Hydrological Processes. DOI 10.1002/hyp.14042.

Loke, M.H. 1999. Electrical imaging surveys for environmental and engineering studies. A practical guide to 2-D and 3-D surveys. . No. 1999, p. 59.

Samouëlian, A., Cousin, I., Tabbagh, A., Bruand, A., Richard, G. 2005. Electrical resistivity survey in soil science: A review. Soil and Tillage Research. Vol.83, No. 2, p.173–193. DOI 10.1016/j.still.2004.10.004.

Palacky, G.J. 3. Resistivity Characteristics of Geologic Targets. In : Electromagnetic Methods in Applied Geophysics. 1988. p. 52–129.

Furman, A., Ferré, T.P.A., Warrick, A.W. 2003. A Sensitivity Analysis of Electrical Resistivity Tomography Array Types Using. Vadose Zone Journal. Vol. 2, p. 416–423.

Loke, M.H. 1998. “Res2dInv.” Rapid 2D resistivity and IP inversion using the least-squares method. User Manual, Austin Tex, Advanced Geoscience Inc.

Archie, G.E. 1942. The electrical resistivity log as an aid in determining some reservoir characteristics. Transactions of the AIME. Vol. 146, No. 01, p. 54–62.

Hung, Y.C., Lin, C.P., Lee, C.T., Weng, K.W. 2019. 3D and boundary effects on 2D electrical resistivity tomography. Applied Sciences (Switzerland). Vol. 9, No. 15. DOI 10.3390/app9152963.

Loke, M.H. 2004. Tutorial: 2-d and 3-d electrical imaging surveys, Geotomo Software, Malaysia. . No. July, p. 136.

Downloads

Published

2021-10-25

How to Cite

Jeřábek, J., & Zumr, D. (2021). GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY AS A TOOL TO REVEAL SUBSURFACE STRATIFICATION AT A SMALL AGRICULTURAL HEADWATER CATCHMENT: A CASE STUDY. Stavební Obzor - Civil Engineering Journal, 30(3). https://doi.org/10.14311/CEJ.2021.03.0059

Issue

Section

Articles