TRAFFIC VOLUMES TEST OF AIRPORT RUNWAY
Keywords:Airport, Pavement design, Traffic volume, Planar distribution, Influence factors
Currently, airport pavement design only considers the different horizontal standard deviation at the end and the middle of the runway, which had ignored the longitudinal distribution of airport runway traffic volume (ARTV). Especially for short take-off and landing aircraft, the take-off and landing distribution are not full of the whole runway. In allusion to the characteristics of ARTV, this paper developed a test system for the wheel track distribution and conducted a test of a short take-off and landing aircraft. Based on the statistics and analysis of test results, the horizontal and longitudinal distribution statistical laws of ARTV were obtained. At last, the longitudinal passage factor was proposed, and the planar distribution model was established to evaluate the ARTV at each point of the runway. By comparison with current design specifications, it is indicated that the pavement thickness will be designed more conservative without considering the planar distribution of traffic volumes.
Richard G. Ahlvin Origin of Developments for Structural Design of Pavements Report No. GL-91-26 U.S.Army Corps of Engineers, Waterways Experiment Station, Vickburg, MS.1991.
Zhang Yaohua. Study on Evaluation System of cement concrete pavement of airport. Tianjin: Tianjin University, 2007 (in Chinese).
Paul Stephen Dempsey. Airport Planning & Development Handbook—a Global Survey. USA New York: McGraw-Hill， 1999.
Vedros, P. J. "Study of Lateral Distribution of Aircraft Traffic on Runways," Miscellaneous Paper No. 4-369, Jan 1960, U. S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station, CE, Vicksburg, Miss.
Brown,D.N.and Thompson,O.O. Lateral Distribution of Aircraft Traffic, Miscesllaneous Paper S-73-56,U.S.Army Corps of Engineers, Waterways Experiment Station, Vickburg, MS.1973
Hosang V. A． Field survey and analysis of aircraft distribution on airport pavements[R]. Washington， D．C．， USA: FAA， 1975．
MINCAD Systems Pty. Ltd. APSDS 4 User Manual Airport Pavement Structural Design System. Australia, September 2000.
FAA, the Boeing Company. Statistical Extreme Value Analysis of JFK Taxiway Centerline Deviations for 747 Aircraft. FAA/Boeing Cooperative Research and Development Agreement 01-CRDA-0164，2003.11.
FAA, the Boeing Company. Statistical Extreme Value Analysis of ANC Taxiway Centerline Deviations for 747 Aircraft. FAA/Boeing Cooperative Research and Development Agreement 01-CRDA-0164，2003.11.
U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration. Airport Pavement Design and Evaluation, AC No: 150/5320-6E. U.S. Department of Transportation，Federal Aviation Administration，2009.9.
U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration. Airport Pavement Design and Evaluation, AC No: 150/5320-6F. U.S. Department of Transportation，Federal Aviation Administration，2016.
U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration. Standardized Method of Reporting Airport Pavement Strength – PCN (DRAFT), AC No: 150/5335-5A. U.S. Department of Transportation，Federal Aviation Administration.
CROW.Guideline on PCN Assignment in the Netherlands. CROW-report 05-06， Netherlands: Galvanistraat，2005.8.
Japanese Transport Ministry. Essentials and Design Examples of Airport Pavement Design. Port Airport Construction and Design Technical Service Center, 2008
Airport Pavement Design and Maintenance, Bagu Haogao, Tianbo Translation, China Communications Press, 2015.
G.P. Cen, S. Lu, G. Hong. Research on reliability design method of airport runway width. Science and Technology Guide, 2014, 32 (22): 47-51
H. Fang, L.C. Cai, L.L. Zhang, Z. Liu, Z.H. Wang, Traffic volume analysis of airport pavement based on traffic coverage, Sichuan Architectural Science Research, 2013;39(1)(2013): 60-63.
Z.H. Wang, L.C. Cai, Q.K. Gu. The cumulative damage optimization model of airport rigid pavement considering load stress distribution. Journal of civil engineering, 2011 (11): 151-158.
Chinese specifications for asphalt pavement design of civil airports: MH/T 5010-2017, PR China (Beijing): Civil Aviation Administration: 2017.
Q. Li, H.D. Zhao, Z.K. Yao. Calculation Method of the plane load frequency based on channel response, Journal of Tongji University (NATURAL SCIENCE EDITION), 2008;36 (12): 1637- 1641.
X.P. Lin. Theory and design method of airport runway overlay under complex conditions. Ph. D. Thesis, Tongji University, China, 2007.
L. Lei, H.D. Zhao, C. Wu. Comparative analysis of horizontal distribution test system of aircraft wheel track. Traffic engineering, 2012, 10:63-68.
L. Lei, research on the lateral distribution rule of runway wheel track of civil airport [D]. Master's thesis of tongji university,2013.05.
E.H. Shi, spatial structure response of asphalt pavement surface under non-uniform contact stress [D]. Master's thesis of tongji university, March 2015
J. Yuan, E.H. Shi, L. Lei, X.P. Shao, Lateral Deviation Pattern and Method of Aircraft Wheel Path on Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport，Journal of Civil Aviation University of China, 2015,33(2):1-6
L.K. Ma， H. D. Zhao， Z. M. Du， Z. A. Chen. Cumulative damage calculation of flexible pavement considering aircraft operation characteristics, Journal of Chongqing Jiaotong University (Natural Science), 2017;36 (9): 38-43.
Cen Guoping，Lu Song，Hong Gang，Lin Kexin，Xu Feng. Research on Reliability Design Method of Airport Runway Width, Science & Technology Review, 2014,32(22):47-51.
L.C. Cai, H.F. Wang, L.L. Zhang, P.F. Wang. A residual life prediction model for airport pavement based on cumulative damage, Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering, 2014;14 (4) : 1-6.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Civil Engineering Journal
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).