FREE STATION TASK WITH DRONE

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14311/CEJ.2021.03.0057

Keywords:

free station task, drone, precision analysis

Abstract

Using drones with different purposes than only taking photos is nowadays the main direction of drone development. Drones are made for package delivery, people transport, etc. Drone equipped by GNSS RTK and prism can be used as orientation point for the free station. The idea is using drone to get coordinates of total stations inappropriate for GNSS. such as high buildings and forest. The drone can fly above the obstacle causing inappropriate, so the GNSS will compute the position coordinates correctly. Total station will measure distance and angles on prism to get free station coordinates. This article deals with the accuracy of using two points in the free station task. Accuracy of measurement and data is based on real values. Drone can be used as the target if it is not windy, the position accuracy of the target on drone is 5 cm. Wind has no effect on the vertical position accuracy of the the drone. The results show that the same principles and limitations must be observed when measuring the free station task. Horizontal angle between orientation points must be bigger than 100 gon and the zenith angle must be at least 50 gon. The distance between orientation and free station must longer than consequent measured points.

References

Štroner, M. - Hampacher, M.: Zpracování a analýza měření v inženýrské geodézii. 1. vyd. Praha: CTU Publishing House, 2011. 313 s. ISBN 978-80-01-04900-6.

Štroner, M.: K přesnosti volného stanoviska. Geodetický a kartografický obzor. 2012, roč. 58, č. 8, s. 170-176. ISSN 0016-7096

Annan, Richard & Yevenyo Ziggah, Yao & Ayer, John & Amans, Christian. (2016). ACCURACY ASSESSMENT OF HEIGHTS OBTAINED FROM TOTAL STATION AND LEVEL INSTRUMENT USING TOTAL LEAST SQUARES AND ORDINARY LEAST SQUARES METHODS. Geoplanning: Journal of Geomatics and Planning. 87. 87-92. 10.14710/geoplanning.3.2.87-92.

Andrew Marshall, Analysis of free station errors, Surv431 Engineering Surveying at the National School of Surveying in 2007

Sikola,J. Testing GNSS module Ublox 9 generation, Master’s Thesis,2020,http://hdl.handle.net/10467/88561

Jimenez-Cano, A.E.; Sanchez-Cuevas, P.J.; Grau, P.; Ollero, A.; Heredia, G. Contact-Based Bridge Inspection Multirotors: Design, Modeling, and Control Considering the Ceiling Effect. IEEE Robot. Autom. Lett. 2019, 4, 3561–3568. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]

SUZUKI, Takayuki; KUMAGAI, Taichi; YOSHIDA, Hiroshi. Accuracy evaluation of drone control system using total station. IEICE Technical Report; IEICE Tech. Rep., 2020, 119.461: 67-72.

DELGADO, Javier Prada, et al. Bridge mapping for inspection using an UAV assisted by a total station. In: Iberian Robotics conference. Springer, Cham, 2017. p. 309-319.

MAXIM, Artyom, et al. UAV Guidance with Robotic Total Station for Architectural Fabrication Processes. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles; Wißner-Verlag: Augsburg, Germany, 2017, 145-161.

ISHII, A., et al. Autonomous UAV flight using the Total Station Navigation System in Non-GNSS Environments. In: ISARC. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction. IAARC Publications, 2020. p. 685-692.

HANKUS-KUBICA, Agnieszka, et al. Verification tests of total station usability for UAV position measurements. In: 2020 IEEE 7th International Workshop on Metrology for AeroSpace (MetroAeroSpace). IEEE, 2020. p. 331-335.

STEMPFHUBER, W.; BUCHHOLZ, M. A precise, low-cost RTK GNSS system for UAV applications. Proc. of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle in Geomatics, ISPRS, 2011.

BLÁHA, Maroš, et al. Direct georeferencing of UAVs. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Unmanned Aerial Vehicle in Geomatics (UAV-g). Copernicus, 2011. p. 131-136.

GUPTA, Sharad Kumar; SHUKLA, Dericks P. Application of drone for landslide mapping, dimension estimation and its 3D reconstruction. Journal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing, 2018, 46.6: 903-914.

TIWARI, Nidhi P., et al. Advanced techniques used in surveying: total station, GPS, GIS, DRONE Arial survey. International Journal for Research in Applied Science and Engineering Technology, 2018, 6.3: 896-902.

CivDot, https://www.civrobotics.com/

GNSS UBlox CEJ

Downloads

Published

2021-10-25

How to Cite

Zahradník, D. (2021). FREE STATION TASK WITH DRONE. Stavební Obzor - Civil Engineering Journal, 30(3). https://doi.org/10.14311/CEJ.2021.03.0057

Issue

Section

Articles