• Baoyang Yu College of Transportation Engineering, Dalian Maritime University; School of Transportation Engineering, Shenyang Jianzhu University
  • Zongguang Sun College of Transportation Engineering, Dalian Maritime University
  • Lin Qi Department of Civil Engineering, Shenyang Urban Construction Institute



Open-graded friction course (OGFC), Four-point bending test, Digital surface model (DSM), Strain field, Stress reconstruction


To study the deformation and failure behavior of the open-graded friction course (OGFC) before cracking at low temperatures, a four-point bending test of the trabecula was conducted, and the deformation process was monitored by the digital speckle method (DSM). The distribution law of the strain field of the trabecular specimens was analyzed. The horizontal strain field gradually changed from a uniform distribution to a strain concentration area with loading. The crack initiation time, crack initiation strain, and deformation period were obtained from the strain curve. The combination of stress reconstruction and DSM makes the stress measurement of the OGFC more authentic.


Qun Y., Guo Z.Y., 2005. Mixture Design of Fire-Retarded OGFC in Road Tunnel. Road Materials and Pavement design, vol. 6(2): 255-268.

Xiong R., Fang J.H., Xu A.H., Guan B.W., Liu Z.Z., 2015. Laboratory Investigation on the Brucite Fiber Reinforced Asphalt Binder and Asphalt Concrete. Construction and building materials, vol. 83: 44-52.

Tanzadeh R., Tanzadeh J., Honarmand M., Tahami S.A. , 2019. Experimental Study on the Effect of Basalt and Glass Fibers on Behavior of Open-graded Friction Course Asphalt Modified with Nano-silica. Construction and building materials, vol. 212:467-475.

Lee L., Charles R., Nicola S., 2016. Stress-Strain Behaviour of Asphalt Concrete in Compression. Procedia structural integrity, vol. 2: 2913-2920.

Pirmohammad S., Shokorlou Y.M., Amani B., 2020. Laboratory Investigations on Fracture Resistance of Asphalt Concretes Reinforced with Carbon and Kenaf Fibers at -15 degrees. Engineering fracture mechanics. vol. 230: 1-19.

Ahmad M; Bairgi B.K.; Khan Z.H.; Tarefder R.A., 2020. Evaluation of the Fracture Resistance of Asphalt Concrete Mixes Including the Effect of Anisotropy. International journal of pavement research and technology, vol. 13(2): 121-128.

Xu H.N., et al., 2019. Investigation of Anisotropic Flow in Asphalt Mixtures Using the X-ray Image Technique: Pore Structure Effect. Road materials and pavement design, vol. 20(3): 491-508.

Huang Y.H., Liu L., Sham F.C., et al., 2010. Optical Strain Gauge vs. Traditional Strain Gauges for Concrete Elasticity Modulus Determination. Optik, vol. 121(18):1635-1641.

Stewart C.M., Garcia E., 2018. Fatigue Crack Growth of a Hot Mix Asphalt Using Digital Image Correlation. International journal of fatigue. vol. 120: 254-266.

Birgisson B., et al., 2009. An Optical Strain Measurement System for Asphalt Mixtures. Materials and structures, vol. 42(4): 427-441.

Lyons J.S., Liu J., Sutton M.A., 1996. High-temperature Deformation Measurements Using Digital-Image Correlation. Experimental mechanics, vol. 36(1): 64-70.

Lu H., Cary P.D., 2000. Deformation Measurements by Digital Image Correlation: Implementation of a Second-order Displacement Gradient. Experimental mechanics, vol. 40(4): 393-400.

Yuan Y., et al., 2014. Accurate Displacement Measurement via a Self-adaptive Digital Image Correlation Method based on a Weighted ZNSSD Criterion. Optics and lasers in engineering, vol. 52: 75-85.

Li C., Wang L., Xiao-xiao W., 2017. Crack and Crack Growth Behavior Analysis of Asphalt Mixtures based on the Digital Speckle Correlation Method. Construction and building materials, vol. 147: 227-238.

Xue Q., et al., 2013. Dynamic Behavior of Asphalt Pavement Structure under Temperature-stress Coupled Loading. Applied thermal engineering, vol. 53(1): 1-7.

Underwood B.S., Kim Y.R., 2011. Experimental Investigation into the Multiscale Behaviour of Asphalt Concrete. International journal of pavement engineering. vol. 12: 357-370.

Kumar M., Gaur K.K., Shakher C., 2015. Measurement of Material Constants (Young's Modulus and Poisson's Ratio) of Polypropylene Using Digital Speckle Pattern Interferometry (DSPI). ournal of the Japanese Society for Experimental Mechanics, vol. 15 (Special_Issue): s87-s91.




How to Cite

Yu, B., Sun, Z., & Qi, L. (2022). FORMATION AND FAILURE BEHAVIOR OF OPEN-GRADED FRICTION COURSE AT LOW TEMPERATURES. Stavební Obzor - Civil Engineering Journal, 31(2), 260–273.