SHRINKAGE OF VARIOUS TYPES OF PORTLAND CLINKER-BASED CEMENTS WITH RESPECT TO THEIR HYDRATION DEGREE
Keywords:Drying shrinkage, hydration degree, mechanical properties, Portland cement
AbstractThe volume changes of cement based composites are significantly exhibited in the hardening process. Initial phases of the hardening are complemented by the expansion due to the heat evolution that is subsequently alternated by the shrinkage. Both could cause a crack initiation. It is evident that ultimate volume changes of cement based composites are a complex process, because the final shrinkage is determined by the binder used, exposition and also by the previous history. The paper focuses on the evaluation of the main types of cements based on the Portland clinker by using a conventional procedure for the determination of the shrinkage on the standard cements mortars. These mortars were exposed to drying after 1 and 3 days of curing, related to the actual degree of hydration, which was estimated on the basis of compressive strength development. The hydration process was additionally monitored using thermogravimetry on the accompanying paste specimens during one year. The performed experimental program confirmed the essential sense of the curing regime especially for blended cement systems, which exhibited very low values of the hydration degree at applied curing intervals. Despite the slightly higher values of shrinkage of blended cements, the obtained results signalize the crucial effect of prolonged curing for these types of binders. The conclusion highlighted the necessity of taking into consideration the hydration degree during cement testing by using the conventional contact method. Otherwise, the simple interpretation leads to an overestimation of the less-suitable material solution.
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